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Context

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France manages two large research programmes on thermonuclear fusion, on the basis of two large-scale facilities, namely the Laser MégaJoule (LMJ) for inertial confinement fusion, whose assembly is in progress close to Bordeaux (south-west of France) and the tokamak ITER, whose building started in Cadarache (close to Marseille, south-east of France) for the magnetic confinement fusion, which results from a large international project supported by a partnership between European Union, Japan, China, South Korea, Russia and USA.

The scientific use of these major facilities is anticipated to start around 2015 and to be operated along two decades at least. To face the research challenges involved by these two programmes,the development of a highly skilled and wide-open scientific community is required at both the master and doctorate levels. At present and up to the operation of these above-mentionned facilities, the french programmes lie on two large facilities in operation: the Ligne d’Intégration Laser (LIL) located at CEA/CESTA close to Bordeaux and the tokamak Tore Supra located in Cadarache

Download the presentation of the Master's degree "Sciences de la Fusion" (in french)

 
Organisation


The studies in France are organized according to the european Bologna scheme (Bachelor-Master-Doctorate) promoted by the European Commission. The master's degree (which needs 4 semesters) is open to students who have been credited with 180 ECTS (european credit transfer system) associated to the bachelor degree. The first two semesters, quoted with the label M1 (which stands for the 1st year of master), are specific to each university. To take an overview of the various curricula, browse the web site associated to the university where you intend to be registered via the France map in the welcome page.

The so-called master's degree speciality "Sciences de la fusion" belongs to different master programmes (called "mentions") which are specific to each university, according to the table below:

Institution

Master's programme ("mention")

Aix-Marseille

"Physique et Sciences de la matière"

ECM

"Fusion"

Bordeaux 1

"Physique"

Nancy, INPG

"Physique et Matériaux"

Paris 6

"Physique et Applications"

Paris 11

"Physique fondamentale & appliquée"

Ecole Polytechnique

"Physique et Applications"

INSTN

"Physique et applications"

The last two semesters, labeled "M2" (which stands for the 2nd year of master), are jointly organized by the 10 universities, according the following scheme :

   Track
Month

FCM (magnetic confinement fusion)
Research

FCI (inertial confinement fusion)
Research

PTF
Research/Professional

ECTS
credits
(total 60)

September


Student gathering for the new class
(nth class)
2 days in Cadarache + 2 days inBordeaux
+ 1 day in Cadarache or Bordeaux for the defense
of the dissertation completing the training period of the (n-1)th class.

6 ECTS

October

Common course on fusion plasmas (physics and technology)

Common course on fusion plasmas (physics and technology)

Common course on fusion plasmas (physics and technology)

November

FCM

FCI

PTF

21 ECTS

December

FCM

FCI

PTF

January

FCM

FCI

PTF

February

Courses in Cadarache

Courses in Bordeaux

Courses in Cadarache
or Bordeaux

9 ECTS

March

Training period

Training period

Training period

24 ECTS

April

Training period

Training period

Training period

May

Training period

Training period

Training period

June

Training period

Training period

Training period

July

Training period

Training period

Training period

August

 

 

Training period

 

 

Track

FCM (R)

FCI (R)

PTF (R et P)

Site responsability

Paris area

Paris-XI
Polytechnique
INSTN

Paris-VI
Polytechnique
INSTN

Paris-XI
INSTN

Polytechnique

Bordeaux
area

 

Bordeaux-I
INSTN

 

Bordeaux-I

Marseille
area

Aix-Marseille
INSTN

 

INSTN
Aix-Marseille

Aix-Marseille

Nancy area

Nancy

Nancy

Nancy

Nancy

Via University of Nancy, the master's degree "Sciences de la fusion" is associated to the Erasmus Mundus Consortium Fusion-EP, connecting several european universities located in five european countries (cf. site http://www.em-master-fusion.org/ ). This programme is supported by the European Commission and is intended to strengthen European co-operation and international links in higher education via high-quality European Masters Courses, by enabling students and visiting scholars from around the world to engage in graduate and postgraduate study in European universities. The students elected for this programme will have the opportunity to join the FCM track.

 

Expertise acquired

It will cover the following domains:

  • Kinetic modelling of the charged particle distributions: orbits, collisions, confinement, gyrokinetic instability and associated transport.
  • (Magneto-) hydrodynamics (MHD): equilibrium and MHD stability; fluid instabilities, ablation, transport and turbulence.
  • Wave-plasma coupling: heating and current generation. Power generators: radiofrequency, microwaves. Parametric instabilities, particle acceleration by lasers.
  • High power lasers: design of large laser facilities laser material, laser induced damage. High power lasers. Ultra high intensity laser pulses.
  • Confinment: cryogenics, superconductivity, cryomagnetism. Science and technology of Vacuum. Materials under high neutron and thermal flux. Materials exposed to High heat load and high neutron flux.
  • Diagnostics and control of fusion facilities.
  • Hot dense plasmas: atomic physics and equations of state.
  • Nuclear fusion: cross sections, breakeven criterium, target design, ignition and energy production.
  • Astrophysics: star plasmas, turbulence, planets and stars, compact objects, equations of state, creation and dynamics of large scale structures.
  • Numerical methods and modelling of physical processes and instruments.

The building, the maintenance and the operation of fusion facilities require skills in many technology domains. The masters's programme described herein is purposed to educate physicists and engineers able to understand and to design the following technologies:

  • Plasma heating, by high-frequency and accelerator technology for magnetic confinement fusion (MCF) or by high power laser for inertial confinement fusion (ICF) ;
  • Non-material confinement :
    - by magnetic field with all aspects of large magnetic field generation for MCF;
    - by inertia, with all aspects of high energy / high power laser design and target design;
  • Material confinement for both MCF and ICF, with stress on neutron-material interaction for high neutron, heat or radiation fluxes;
  • Experiment diagnostics for the detection of plasma-emitted radiation or particles;
  • Management of facilities in high irradition surrounding with control specificities based on robotics;
  • Modelling and numerical simulation, as a reality-model interface.
 
Job opportunities


Students graduated of this fusion programme find employment in research and in industry, in national laboratories, and in academia.

  • « Research » track: it is aimed at educating future PhD students and engineers with high skills in their domain. Work methods and knowledge will favor the recruiting in national organisms and within the international network of the labs involved in fusion and associated domains, since by nature fusion is an interdisciplinary subject. Tight bounds are woven between this programme and the doctoral schools which can propose and support PhD topics in the fusion domain.

  • « Professionnal » track: it is aimed at providing future engineers with a solid expertise in both technology and physics of fusion plasmas, as design or construction engineers or project leaders. More naturally, the students will enter industry and large research oganization with an engineer activity. Connections exist with industry involved in cryomagnetism and power electrotechnics, instrumentation and metrology by waves and particles, nuclear engineering (materials, fuel cycle, radioprotection, nuclear measures (after some complementary education at INSTN)
    - computing and numercial methods: modelling and simulation of complex systems.

A large number of labs is associated to the federation "Education for fusion sciences " and will offer subjects for 5-6 month training periods and doctorate opportunities. These academic labs in physics or technology will offer positions in large research french organisations (CNRS, CEA, …) or universities.

 
Supporting laboratories

Université Aix-Marseille

Physique des interactions ioniques et moléculaires (LPIIM)

Centre de Physique Théorique (CPT)

Centre Pluridisciplinaire de Microscopie électronique et de Microanalyse (CP2M)

Institut FRESNEL

Institut de Recherche sur les Phénomènes Hors Equilibre (IRPHE)

Laboratoire d'Analyse, Topologie, Probabilités (LATP)

Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Marseille (LAM)

Laboratoire Lasers Plasmas et Procédés Photoniques (LP3)
Laboratoire de Modélisation et Simulation Numérique en Mécanique et Génie des Procédés (MSNM-GP-L3M)

Centre de Recherche sur la Matière Condensée et les Nanosciences (CRMCN)

Laboratoire Matériaux et Microélectronique de Provence (L2MP)

Laboratoire Thermodynamique, propriétés Electriques, Contraintes et Structure aux Echelles Nanométriques (TECSEN)

Université Bordeaux-I

Centre des Lasers Intenses et Applications (CELIA)

Centre de Physique Moléculaire Optique et Hertzienne (CPMOH)

Centre d’Etudes Nucléaires de Bordeaux-Gradignan (CENBG)

Mathématiques Appliquées de Bordeaux (MAB)

Laboratoires membres de l’Institut Lasers & Plasmas (ILP)


Institut de Chimie de la Matière Condensée de Bordeaux (ICMCB)

Laboratoire de Combustion et Détonique, Futuroscope (LCD)

Observatoire Aquitain des Sciences de l'Univers (OASU)


Université Nancy

Labo Physique des Milieux Ionisés et Applications (LPMIA)

Laboratoire d'Énergétique et de Mécanique Théorique et Appliquée (LEMTA)

Laboratoire de Science et Génie des Matériaux et de Métallurgie (LSG2M)

Groupe de Recherche en Electrotechnique et Electronique de Nancy (GREEN) 


Institut Elie Cartan


Université Paris-VI

Laboratoire d'Utilisation des Lasers Intenses (LULI)

Laboratoire de Physique Nucléaire et des Hautes Energies (LPNHE)

Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris (IAP)

Laboratoire d’Etude du Rayonnement et de la Matière Astrophysique (LERMA)

Laboratoire d’Etudes Spatiales et Instrumentales en Astrophysique (LESIA )

Service Aéronomie (SA)

Centre d’Etudes des EnvironnementsTerrestres et Planétaires (CETP)

Equipe « Des agrégats aux surfaces, couches minces. Perturbations dynamiques fortes » (Institut des Nanosciences de Paris)

Institut de Minéralogie et de Physique des Milieux Condensés

Institut des Matériaux de Paris-Centre (IMPC)

Laboratoire Jacques-Louis Lions (LJLL)

Laboratoire de Robotique de Paris (LRP)


Centre de PHysique Théorique (CPHT)

Laboratoires membres de l’Institut Lasers & Plasmas (ILP)

Laboratoire d'optique appliquée (LOA)


Université Paris-XI

Labo de Physique des Gaz et des Plasmas (LPGP)

Laboratoire Interaction Rayonnement X avec la Matière (LIXAM)


Ecole Polytechnique

Laboratoire de Physique et Technologie Des Plasmas (LPTP)

Centre de PHysique Théorique (CPHT)

Laboratoire d'Utilisation des Lasers Intenses (LULI)
Laboratoire d'optique appliquée (LOA)

INPL

Laboratoire d'Énergétique et de Mécanique Théorique et Appliquée (LEMTA)

Laboratoire de Science et Génie des Matériaux et de Métallurgie (LSG2M)

Groupe de Recherche en Electrotechnique et Electronique de Nancy (GREEN) 


INSTN

Département de Recherche sur la Fusion Contrôlée (DSM/Cadarache-IRFM)

Département d'Astrophyique, de physique des Particules, de physique Nucléaire et de l'Instrumentation Associée (DSM/Saclay-DAPNIA)

Département de Recherches sur les Atomes, les Molécules et l'Etat Condensé (DSM/Saclay-DRECAM)

Département de Lasers de Puissance (DAM/CESTA-DLP)

Département de Physique Théorique et Appliquée (DAM/DIF-DPTA)

Département de Conception et Réalisation des Expériences (DAM/DIF-DCRE)

 


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